Основные подходы к преподаванию физической культуры в школе в соответствии с Федеральным государственным образова-тельным стандартом

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into Russian:Osnovnye podchody k prepodavaniju fizičeskoj kul’tury v škole v sootvetstvii s federal’nym gosudarstvennym obrazovatel’nym standartom
Title translated into German:Hauptansätze im Sportunterricht in der Schule in Übereinstimmung mit dem föderalen staatlichen Bildungsstandard
Title translated into English:Major approaches to teaching physical education at school in compliance with federal state educational standard
Author:Tichonov, A.M.; Goljakov, I.P.
Published in:Teorija i praktika fiziceskoj kul'tury
Published:2014, 5, S. 13-15, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
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Identification number:PU201406005619

Author's abstract

Education Act gives every teacher the right to freedom of choice and use of pedagogically proved forms, means and methods of training and education, development and application of author's programs and methods of training and education on condition that they conform to federal state educational standards. It also imposes new requirements to the results, and, consequently, to the purpose, content and methods of teaching. Due to the fact that the result of school studies should be a pupil capable of self-learning, the novelty of the standard of the content of physical culture education is determined by the implementation of the system-activity approach, that has been developed in domestic pedagogics, as well as a number of principles that determine the basis for the development of educational process itself and its educational content. Change of purpose, results, approaches to education should lead to a change in the content and methods. In this regard, we face the major questions of didactics: Why to teach? What to teach? How to teach? The first question relates to the sense of teaching, the second - to its content, the third - to the forms and methods of teaching, being a part of certain educational technologies. The purpose of the present study was scientific foundation of the basic approaches to teaching physical education in a school in accordance with the federal state educational standard. The extended positions have been experimentally tested for 13 years, resulting in the physical education curriculum for primary school. The curriculum ensures the formation of universal learning actions, high level of motor activity, adequate level of mastering technique of motor actions and positive dynamics of motor qualities. Verf.-Referat