Impaired cardiovascular responses to graded exercise in diabetic autonomic neuropathy

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Verminderte Herz-Kreislauf-Reaktionen auf abgestufte koerperliche Belastung bei autonomer diabetischer Neuropathie
Author:Hilsted, Jannik; Galbo, Henrik; Christensen, Niels Juel
Published in:Diabetes
Published:28 (1979), 4 , S. 313-319, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0012-1797, 1939-327X
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Identification number:PU198003010923


Six juvenile diabetics (age, 31 +/- 2 yr (mean and SEM); duration of diabetes,15+/-4 yr) with signs of autonomic neuropathy (decreased beat-to-beat variation in heart rate during deep breathing) and seven control patients of similar age (27 +/- 1yr) and duration of diabetes (14 +/- 2 yr) performed graded exercise on an ergometer cycle. Resting heart rate was higher and the increase in heart rate at the lowest work load (50 W) was diminished in patients with autonomic neuropathy compared with control patients, indicating a vagal defect. The relationships in autonomic neuropathy between heart rate and systolic blood pressure, respectively, and relative work load (expressed as oxygen uptake - in percent - of individual maximal oxygen uptake) were identical with previous findings in normal subjects during betaadrenergic receptor blockade, indicating impaired sympathetic activity. Maximal heart rate was 157 +/- 9. min in automatic neuropathy and 181 +/- 4 in controls, maximal systolic blood pressure was 179 +/- 11 mmHg and 197 +/- 5, respectively. The greatest tolerable work load was significantly less in patients with autonomic neuropathy (125 +/- 13 vs. 161 +/- 9 w). Similarly, maximal oxygen uptake was reduced (1.68 +/- 0.21 vs. 278 +/- 0.18 l/min, 25 +/- 3 vs. 38 +/- 2ml/min/kg). Verf.-Referat (gekuerzt)