Effects of vibration training and detraining on balance and muscle strength in older adults

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Auswirkungen von Vibrationstraining und Trainingsabbruch auf das Gleichgewicht und die Muskelkraft bei älteren Erwachsenen
Author:Marín, Pedro J.; Martín-López, Aurora; Vicente-Campos, Davinia; Angulo-Carrere, M.T. ; García-Pastor, Teresa; Garatachea, Nuria; Chicharro, Jose L.
Published in:Journal of sports science and medicine
Published:10 (2011), 3, S. 559-564, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:1303-2968
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201112010368
Source:BISp

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of 2 days/week versus 4 days/week of Whole Body Vibration (WBV) during eight weeks of WBV training on health-related quality of life (SF-36), balance and lower body strength, as well as short-term detraining (3 weeks) on balance and lower body strength among older adults. Thirty-four older adults were randomly assigned to a control group (Control; n = 11) or to one of the vibration training groups: WBV 2 days/week (WBV_2d; n = 11) or WBV 4 days/week (WBV_4d; n = 12). The WBV groups exercised for 8 weeks, following 3 weeks of detraining. Lower body strength increased significantly (p < 0.05) for both groups, WBV_2d and WBV_4d, after 8-week training. A significant reduction in strength was observed following 3 weeks of detraining only in WBV_2d group (p < 0.05). All variables of the SF-36 and the balance test did not change after intervention in any group. 2 days/week and 4 days/week of WBV during 8 weeks showed the same improvements on muscle strength. 3 weeks of detraining did not reverse the gains in strength made during 32 sessions of WBV. Verf.-Referat