Assessment of first-aid knowledge and decision making of high school athletic coaches

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Beurteilung des Wissens um Erste-Hilfe-Methoden und der Entscheidungsfaehigkeit von Trainern im Highschoolsport
Author:Ransone, J.; Dunn-Bennett, L.R.
Published in:Journal of athletic training
Published:34 (1999), 3 , S. 267-271, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:1062-6050, 0160-8320, 1938-162X
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Identification number:PU199911402978

Author's abstract

Objective: To assess the first-aid knowledge and decision making of interscholastic athletic coaches exposed to athletic injuries. Design and Setting: Survey demographic information, First-Aid Assessment, and Game Situation Data Sheet in 17 metropolitan high schools. Subjects: A total of 17 metropolitan high schools participated in this study, and 104 athletic coaches completed questionnaires. Fifteen different athletic sports were represented in this investigation. Thirty coaches (29%) worked with more than one athletic sport during the year. Male subjects constituted 83% (n=85) of the sample. Years of coaching experience ranged from first-year coaches to those with more than 28 years of experience. Most coaches (61%, n=63) investigated were teachers, and the remaining subjects were walk-on coaches. Measurements: Central tendency scores were determined in the demographic analysis. Chi-square analyses were performed to determine the interaction between First-Aid Assessment and the Game Situation Data. Results: Thirty-eight (36%) of the 104 athletic coaches tested achieved passing scores of 29 or higher, with the total scores ranging from 19 to 34. For the Game Situation Data Sheet, 75% (n=78) of the coaches selected the same response to 7 questions. Most coaches in this study chose to return injured players to the game. We analyzed the data to determine whether coaches who passed the First-Aid Assessment responded differently than those who did not. (The scenario presented in one question involved a starting player's sustaining injury when losing a close game). Coaches who passed the First-Aid Assessment tended to return injured starters to the game, whereas those who failed it kept injured players out of the game. Chi-square analysis on the second question (the team is winning a close game when a regular player is injured) showed no tendency for passing or failing coaches to respond differently. Conclusions: The athletic coaches did not adequately meet first-aid standards as established for this study in accordance with the American Red Cross. In addition, coaches who passed the First-Aid Assessment tended to return an injured starter to the game, whereas those who failed decided to keep the player out of the game. It is critical that an unbiased, objective professional person provide all medical care on the athletic playing field, preferably one who is certified in athletic training. Verf.-Referat