Hip arthrodesis: kinematic and kinetic effects in locomotion

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Hueftgelenkversteifung: kinematische und kinetische Auswirkungen auf die Fortbewegung
Author:Marshall, R.; Nade, S.
Published in:Clinical biomechanics
Published:8 (1993), 3, S. 142-146, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource Electronic resource (data carrier)
Language:English
ISSN:0268-0033, 1879-1271
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199308065955
Source:BISp

Abstract

The effects of hip arthrodesis on the gait of two subjects with particular attention to the temporal and sagittal plane kinematic and kinetic characteristics are reported. Each subject had a painless arthrodesis and no other gait limitation. To compensate for their disability they showed reduced step lengths and speed of progression, altered angular displacement patterns at the ipsilateral knee and ankle, at the contralateral hip joint, and exaggerated anteroposterior pelvic tipping. Resultant joint moments at the ipsilateral ankle joint were reduced while the effective moment between the thigh and trunk was of approximately normal magnitude. The effects of this repetitive and strong muscle activity on the lower back may be detrimental to these structures over time. Overall these subjects compensate effectively for the loss of hip joint motion. Verf.-Referat