THE ADHERENCE OF ELDERLY WOMEN WITH METABOLIC SYNDROME TO A FOOD RESTRICTION PROGRAM
|Author:||Medeiros, K.; de Melo, G.F.; Agostinho, F.|
|Source:||PubMed Central (PMC)|
In this study, 40 elderly women with metabolic syndrome joined a food restriction and exercise program (EF) of 271 days divided into three phases: Phase I (21 days), Phase II (90 days) and phase III (160 days). In Phase I participants received a food plan (PA) prescribed with calorie restriction of 30%, attended lectures, workshops and an aerobic and anaerobic EF program. In the other phases they were instructed to proceed with the proposed protocol without direct monitoring of the nutritionist. Anthropometric, biochemical, food consumption and adherence to the PA data were collected before (pre) and after (post) each phase. At the end of phase I, II and III the study found a quantitative adhesion to the program of 100%, 60% and 20% respectively. Significant statistical difference was found when comparing the averages of before and after phase I of the anthropometric data: Abdominal Circumference (pre: 100,36cm and post: 94,87cm (p = 0.001)); Body Mass (before: 72,07kg and post: 69,92kg (p = 0,001)); Percentage of body fat (pre: 40.07% and after: 38.62% (p = 0.003)); Body Mass Index (pre: 30,07Kg / m2 and after: 29.17 kg / m2 (p = 0.001)). Weight loss and the individual monitoring with the professional nutritionist presented themselves as factors that contributed positively to the adhesion of the elderly women to the program. The absence of a professional nutritionist in the second and final phase contributed to the discontinuance of the elderly.