Relationships between a load-velocity profile and sprint performance in butterfly swimming

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Beziehungen zwischen einem Last-Geschwindigkeitsprofil und der Sprintleistung beim Schmetterlingsschwimmen
Author:Gonjo, Tomohiro; Eriksrud, Ola; Papoutsis, Filip; Olstad, Bjørn Harald
Published in:International journal of sports medicine
Published:41 (2020), 7, S. 461-467, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:0172-4622, 1439-3964
Online Access:
Identification number:PU202010008403

Author's abstract

The purpose of this study was to establish the relationships between 50 m sprint swimming performance and variables acquired from a swimming load-velocity profile established by semi-tethered butterfly swimming. Twelve male elite swimmers participated in the present study and performed 50 m sprint and semi-tethered butterfly swimming with different loads. The mean velocity among all upper-limb cycles was obtained from the 50 m swimming (race velocity), and maximum load and velocity were predicted from the load-velocity profile established by the semi-tethered swimming test. There was a very large correlation (r=0.885, p<0.01) and a high intra-class correlation (0.844, p<0.001) between the race velocity and the predicted maximum velocity. Significant correlations were also observed between the predicted maximum load and the 50 m time as well as the race velocity (r=− 0.624 and 0.556, respectively, both p<0.05), which imply that an ability to achieve a large tethered swimming force is associated with 50 m butterfly performance. These results indicate that the load-velocity profile is a useful tool for predicting and assessing sprint butterfly swimming performance.