The effect of unity in sport teams on athletes' mental health : investigating the mediating role of resilience

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Die Auswirkung der Einheit in Sportmannschaften auf die psychische Gesundheit der Athleten : Untersuchung der vermittelnden Rolle der Belastbarkeit
Author:Yamada, Kai; Kawata, Yujiro; Kamimura, Akari; Hirosawa, Masataka
Published in:International journal of sport and health science
Published:15 (2017), S. 55-64, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:1880-4012, 0915-3942, 1348-1509
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201709008149

Author's abstract

Unity is one of the most important factors for individual and team performance in sports. Mental health is also identified an important factor for athletes' sports performance. Scholars have proposed that athletes' mental health is related to resilience, that includes environmental and personal factors. We have hypothesized that unity in sports teams predicts environmental and personal factors of resilience, which in turn relate to athletes' mental health. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to this examine the effect of team unity on athletes' mental health, and the mediating effect of resilience in its relationship. A total of 626 university athletes (average age 20.08±1.31 years) from 16 sports completed questionnaires. The survey questionnaire comprised the Unity Scale for Sports Teams (Yamada et al., 2013), the Psychological Resilience Scale for University Athletes (Ueno and Shimizu, 2012) and the General Health Questionnaire-30 (Nakagawa and Daibo, 1985). Relationships between team unity, resilience and mental health were tested, as well as the above hypothesis. Results showed that positive correlations between team unity, athletes' resilience and mental health. Additionally, the results supported the mediation hypothesis of resilience in the relationship between team unity and mental health. The results suggest that interventions aiming to support athletes' mental health should focus on both teams and individual athletes.