Urban sportscapes : an environmental deterministic perspective on the management of youth sport participation

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Urbane Sportflächen : eine ökologisch-deterministische Perspektive auf das Management der Sportpartizipation Jugendlicher
Author:O’Reilly, Norm; Berger, Ida E.; Hernandez, Tony; Parent, Milena M.; Séguin, Benoit
Published in:Sport management review
Published:18 (2015), 2, S. 291-307, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201709007748

Author's abstract

This paper examines sport participation from an environmental perspective by considering the dynamic role of the sportscape (built-form and supporting infrastructure) in enabling, facilitating and promoting youth sport participation. Complementing recent work by Wicker et al. (2013), we conduct a case study of the ‘geography of sport’ in the Greater Toronto Area. In the process we introduce the concept of facility ‘gravitas’ to capture the attractiveness or ‘magnetism’ of sportscape entities and thereby acknowledge the multifaceted sets of environmental factors (including the bricks-and-mortar of facilities and the supporting mechanisms such as transportation, coaches and clubs) that influence sport participation. The results demonstrate that the geography of sport is not only about where sport venue built-forms are located, but also what types of sport infrastructure are available. To develop a better understanding of sport participation it is important to assess the capacity and quality of the sportscape along with other supporting structures and facilitators. The paper points to the implications for managers and policy makers from this perspective.