Relationships among the tethered 3-min all-out test, MAOD and swimming performance

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Verhältnis von einem angebundenen 3-Minuten Totaltest, MAOD und Schwimmleistung
Author:Kalva-Filho, Carlos Augusto; Zagatto, Alessandro Moura; Silva, Adelino Sanchez Ramos da; Castanho, Monique Yndawe; Gobbi, Ronaldo Bucken; Gobatto, Claudio Alexandre; Papoti, Marcelo
Published in:International journal of sports medicine
Published:38 (2017), 5, S. 353-358, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:0172-4622, 1439-3964
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201706004633

Author's abstract

To allow the use of the 3-min all-out parameters for anaerobic evaluation, the aim of the present study was to test its relationships to maximal accumulated oxygen deficit (MAOD) and short/middle distance performances. 9 swimmers (age 19+/-1 years, height 176.7+/-6.1 cm and body mass 68.7+/-6.1 kg) underwent a 3-min all-out test and MAOD procedures (10 submaximal efforts and one exhaustive effort at maximal force attained during a graded exercise test); both were applied using tethered swimming conditions. Short/middle free-swimming performances were assessed at 50, 100 and 200 m distances. Only the peak force (PF) attained during 3-min all-out test exhibited a direct relationship to MAOD (r=0.77; p=0.02). Mean force, mean force until 150 s and total impulse, which were obtained during the 3-min all-out test, exhibited inverse relationship to short/middle performances (r>–0.79; p<0.02). However, no relationship was observed between PF and performances. In addition, MAOD exhibited an inverse relationships to all performances (r>–0.72; p<0.04). Thus, the present study demonstrated that only PF can be used to evaluate the anaerobic metabolism and most of the 3-min all-out test parameters are dependent on force maintenance capacity, which is also important in short/middle performance.