Adolescent performers’ perspectives on mental toughness and its development : the utility pf the bioecological model

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Die Sichtweise von jugendlichen Leistungsträgern zu mentaler Stärke und deren Entwicklung : die Anwendung des bioökologischen Modells
Author:Mahoney, John W.; Gucciardi, Daniel F.; Mallett, Clifford J.; Ntoumanis, Nikos
Published in:The sport psychologist
Published:28 (2014), 3, S. 233-244, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:0888-4781, 1543-2793
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201502001622

Author's abstract

In light of the extant literature, the aim of the current study was to compare adolescents’ perspectives on mental toughness and its development across performance contexts, and to explore if such perspectives align with Bronfenbrenner’s (2001) bioecological model. Eighteen mentally tough adolescents (9 boys, 9 girls, Mage = 15.6 years) from three performance contexts (i.e., sport, academia, and music) participated in focus groups, 7 of whom also participated in follow-up one-to-one interviews. Inductive analyses revealed that mental toughness was conceptualized by 9 personal characteristics, and that while similar across performance contexts, some difference between previous mental toughness conceptualization and the current study existed. Analyses also revealed that mental toughness development was predicated on significant others, supportive social processes, critical incidents, and curiosity. These findings resonated with the properties of the bioecological model. Future research into how bioecological factors combine to facilitate mental toughness development during critical stages of life was suggested. Verf.-Referat