Health-related fitness of American Indian youth

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Gesundheitsbezogene Fitness von heranwachsenden nordamerikanischen Ureinwohnern
Author:Brusseau, Timothy A.; Finkelstein, Tom; Kulinna, Pamela H.; Pangrazi, Connie
Published in:Research quarterly for exercise and sport
Published:85 (2014), 2, S. 257-261, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:0270-1367, 2168-3824
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201501000834

Author's abstract

A physically fit lifestyle is important for American Indian (AI) youth who are at risk for hypokinetic diseases, particularly type 2 diabetes. Some evidence exists on the physical activity patterns of AI youth, but there is little information on their health-related fitness. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to describe the health-related fitness levels of youth living in an AI community. Method: Participants included youth from 5th to 9th grade (N = 85) in a Southwestern U.S. AI community. Youth were of AI descent and were 12.36 +/- 1.68 years of age. Participants completed 5 parts of the FITNESSGRAM® fitness test during physical education. The tests included the Progressive Aerobic Cardiorespiratory Endurance Run fitness test (cardiovascular fitness), curl-up (muscular endurance), pushup (muscular strength), sit-and-reach (flexibility), and body mass index (estimated body composition). Results: Results were similar to other youth studies with some of the students reaching the healthy fitness zone for muscular strength (28 percent), body composition (30 percent), flexibility (60 percent), aerobic fitness (63 percent), and muscular endurance (74 percent). Conclusions: Findings highlight the capacity for improvement for students across all of the components of health-related fitness. Verf.-Referat