Fastball velocity trends in short-season minor league baseball

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Trends der Fastball-Geschwindigkeit im Kurz-Saison-Minor-League-Baseball
Author:Crotin, Ryan L.; Bhan, Shivam; Karakolis, Tom; Ramsey, Dan K.
Published in:Journal of strength and conditioning research
Published:27 (2013), 8, S. 2206-2212, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:1064-8011, 1533-4287
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201311007661
Source:BISp
id PU201311007661
bisp-collection db
format Literatur
last_indexed 2013-11-15T11:14:01Z
first_indexed 2013-11-08T14:19:17Z
publication_source BISp
subformat Zeitschriftenartikel
hierarchy_top_id JO00000000829
hierarchy_parent_id JOI201300080000829
hierarchy_top_title Journal of strength and conditioning research
hierarchy_parent_title Journal of strength and conditioning research, 2013, 8
is_hierarchy_id PU201311007661
is_hierarchy_title Fastball velocity trends in short-season minor league baseball
hierarchy_sequence 2206
recordtype bisparticle
publishDate 2013
publishDate_facet 2013
language eng
title Fastball velocity trends in short-season minor league baseball
spellingShingle Fastball velocity trends in short-season minor league baseball
Baseballspiel
Bewegungsgeschwindigkeit
Sportspiel
Wurf
title_sort fastball velocity trends in shortseason minor league baseball
title_short Fastball velocity trends in short-season minor league baseball
title_alt Trends der Fastball-Geschwindigkeit im Kurz-Saison-Minor-League-Baseball
title_alt_lang deu
media_type Gedruckte Ressource
city Colorado Springs
abstract Diminishing baseball velocities are objective measures to delineate pitching fatigue. Yet, velocity changes over the course of a competitive season vs. a single game remain unknown. This study examined fastball velocity (FBV) trends of minor league pitchers over an 8-game span. We assumed that accumulation of pitches would cause similar velocity decreases within games to produce velocity decreases between games pitched. Retrospective analysis of major league–affiliated pitching charts indicated mean FBVs, game pitches thrown, game innings pitched, rest days, and pitching work to rest ratios (PWRRs) for 12 pitchers over 8 games. Regression analyses (p < 0.05) were performed using the ordinary least squares method. The FBV was the dependent variable, where the explanatory variable was the game number (representing cumulative workload). Further analyses were performed on ball velocity differences predicted by days rest and PWRRs. The FBV increased linearly for the first 8 games of the season (R2 = 0.91, F(1,7) = 64.67, p < 0.001). Over the 8 - game period, mean FBVs increased 0.25 m/s (0.56 mph) with the greatest velocity increase occurring between the first and eighth game at 1.97 m/s (4.4 mph). Days rest and PWRRs did not impact FBV differences. When compared with previous research, minor league pitchers at the Class A Short Season level did not show similar exertion responses to cumulative workloads (pitches and innings pitched). Recovery factors (rest days, PWRRs, and training) also did not impact FBVs. Velocity increases may be attributable to biomechanical compensations, skill development, strength and conditioning regimens, multistarter rotations, and other performance-related factors. Strength and conditioning professionals should be aware of ball velocity trends, as apparent changes may infer neuromuscular fatigue and increased injury susceptibility, which require in-season training modifications. Verf.-Referat
abstract_lang eng
abstract_type abstract
author2 Crotin, Ryan L.
Bhan, Shivam
Karakolis, Tom
Ramsey, Dan K.
author_facet Crotin, Ryan L.
Bhan, Shivam
Karakolis, Tom
Ramsey, Dan K.
author2-role Autor
Autor
Autor
Autor
author_author_facet Crotin, Ryan L.
Bhan, Shivam
Karakolis, Tom
Ramsey, Dan K.
spelling Crotin, Ryan L.
Bhan, Shivam
Karakolis, Tom
Ramsey, Dan K.




1064-8011
1533-4287
1156349-7
10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827e1509
Baseballspiel
Bewegungsgeschwindigkeit
Sportspiel
Wurf
baseball
movement velocity
sport game
throw
Spielergebnis
Spielerpersoenlichkeit
Spielerrolle
Spielleistung
Spielniveau
Spieltaktik
Spielvorbereitung
Sportspieltraining
Trainingsspiel
Spieltechnik
Wurfart
Wurfschulung
Wurfstil
Wurftechnik
Wurfgeschwindigkeit
Bewegungsschnelligkeit
Tempo
Baseball
Feldpartei
Schlagpartei
Home run
Mal
Pitchen
Run
Standmal
Walk
Catcher
Inning
Pitcher (Baseballspiel; Softballspiel)
Baseballspieler
movement speed
Fastball velocity trends in short-season minor league baseball
PU201311007661
201311007661
issn 1064-8011
1533-4287
zdb 1156349-7
doi 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827e1509
url https://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31827e1509
url-type fulltext
url-free 0
topic Baseballspiel
Bewegungsgeschwindigkeit
Sportspiel
Wurf
topic_facet Baseballspiel
Bewegungsgeschwindigkeit
Sportspiel
Wurf
topic_en baseball
movement velocity
sport game
throw
topic_en_facet baseball
movement velocity
sport game
throw
synonym Spielergebnis
Spielerpersoenlichkeit
Spielerrolle
Spielleistung
Spielniveau
Spieltaktik
Spielvorbereitung
Sportspieltraining
Trainingsspiel
Spieltechnik
Wurfart
Wurfschulung
Wurfstil
Wurftechnik
Wurfgeschwindigkeit
Bewegungsschnelligkeit
Tempo
Baseball
Feldpartei
Schlagpartei
Home run
Mal
Pitchen
Run
Standmal
Walk
Catcher
Inning
Pitcher (Baseballspiel; Softballspiel)
Baseballspieler
synonym_en movement speed
journal_facet Journal of strength and conditioning research
container_title Journal of strength and conditioning research
container_volume 27
container_issue 8
container_start_page S. 2206-2212
has_references 1
institution BISp
journal_fac JO00000000829
journal_year 2013
journal_issue 8
_version_ 1655182732909608960
score 13,304238