Direction of human motor responses of by men and women to aversise stimulation

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Die Richtung der Bewegungsreaktionen von Maennern und Frauen bei aversiver Stimulation
Author:Pahlavan, Farzaneh; Duda, Daniel; Bonnet, Philippe
Published in:Perceptual and motor skills
Published:90 (2000), 2 , S. 415-422, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199912501317

Author's abstract

The frequency of extensions and flexions of the arms of 12 men and 12 women (ages 20-30 years) responding to a neutral tone or to an electric shock was recorded. Subjects had to choose between pushing or pulling a lever upon receipt of an acoustic signal which was paired or unpaired with an electric shock. They were instructed to perform either long duration movements, allowing for on-line control of the execution, or short duration movements with prior specification of amplitude. Regardless of duration of movements, the aversive signal increased the frequency of extensions and intraindividual variability of choices of the men but decreased the frequency of extensions and intraindividual variability of choices of the women. These findings show that stimuli such as pain or fear automatically elicit patterns of terminal motor states corresponding to fight or flight, initiating processes of preparation of spatially oriented movements which are automatic and sex-typed and impair the use of the terminal cues for simultaneous preprogrammed voluntary movements. Verf.-Referat