Effects of front and dual suspension mountain bike systems on uphill cycling performance

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Auswirkungen von Front- und Doppel-Aufhaengungssystemen an Mountainbikes auf die Berganfahrleistung
Author:MacRae, H.S.H.; Hise, K.J.; Allen, P.J.
Published in:Medicine and science in sports and exercise
Published:32 (2000), 7 , S. 1276-1280, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0195-9131, 1530-0315
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199912408061

Author's abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of front suspension (FS) and dual suspension (DS) mountain bike designs on time-trial performance and physiological responses during uphill cycling on a paved- and off-road course. Methods: Six trained male cyclists (35.6+/-9 yr, 76.9+/-8.8 kg, VO2peak 58.4+/-5.6 mL/kg/min) were timed using both suspension systems on an uphill paved course (1.62 km, 183-m elevation gain) and an uphill off-road course (1.38 km, 123-m elevation gain). During the field trials, VO2 was monitored continuously with a KB1-C portable gas analyzer, and power output with an SRM training system. Results: On the paved course, total ride time on FS (10.4+/-0.7 min) and DS (10.4+/-0.8 min) was not different (P>0.05). Similarly, total ride time on the off-road course was not significantly different on the FS bike (8.3+/-0.7 min) versus the DS bike (8.4+/-1.1 min). For each of the course conditions, there was no significant difference between FS and DS in average minute-by-minute VO2, whether expressed in absolute (ABS; L/min) or relative (REL; mL/[kg body wt + kg bike wt]/min) values. Average power output (W) was significantly lower for ABS FS versus DS (266.1+/-61.6 W vs 341.9+/-61.1 W, P<0.001) and REL FS versus DS (2.90+/-0.55 W/kg vs 3.65+/-0.53 W/kg, P<0.001) during the off-road trials. Power output on the paved course was also significantly different for ABS FS versus DS (266.6+/-52 W vs 345.4+/-53.4 W, P<0.001) and REL FS versus DS (2.99+/-0.55 W/kg vs 3.84+/-0.54 W/kg, P<0.001). Conclusion: We conclude that despite significant differences in power output between FS and DS mountain bike systems during uphill cycling, these differences do not translate into significant differences in oxygen cost or time to complete either a paved- or off-road course. Verf.-Referat