Characteristics of cardiorespiratory responses to the latter stage of a simulated triathlon

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Merkmale der kardiopulmonalen Reaktionen auf die letzte Disziplin eines simulierten Triathlons
Author:Miura, Hajime; Kitagawa, Kaoru; Ishiko, Toshihiro
Published in:Japanese journal of physical fitness and sports medicine
Published:43 (1994), 5 , S. 381-388, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199504100920

Author's abstract

The most characteristic feature of the triathlon is integration of the three endurance activities including of swimming, cycling and running, into a continuous task. So, it is necessary to identify the cardiorespiratory responses during the triathlon to develop a beneficial training program. Twelve male triathletes conducted a simulated triathlon test in a laboratory. This test consisted of continuous swimming, cycling and running using a flumepool, a bicycle ergometer and a treadmill, respectively. The exercise intensity and duration were 60% of maximal oxygen uptake during swimming, cycling and running for 30, 75 and 45 min, respectively. The results demonstrated that the residual effects of the prior exercise stage were observed during the latter exercise stage. The prior swimming stage produced an increment of oxygen uptake and heart rate during the cycling stage; prior swimming and cycling stages increased oxygen uptake, minute ventilation, heart rate and ventilatory equivalent to those during the running stage. These results suggest that the residual effects of the preceding exercise decreased the mechanical and respiratory efficiency by increasing the physiological demands of conducting the subsequent exercise. Therefore, triathletes are recommended to train themselves in a continuous task rather than separately. Verf.-Referat