Effect of electrical stimulation superimposed with isokinetic contractions

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Auswirkung von Elektrostimulation bei ueberlagernden isokinetischen Kontraktionen
Author:Poumarat, G.; Squire, P.; Lawani, M.
Published in:The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness
Published:32 (1992), 3 , S. 227-233, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0022-4707, 1827-1928
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Identification number:PU199501064444


Previous studies have considered the effects of the superimposition of electrical stimulation (ES) upon maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) under isometric conditions. This investigation considered these effects using isokinetic muscle action. Eleven males, non athletes, volunteered for the experiment. Isokinetic torque for extension of the right knee was measured by means of a Cybex 340 using two speeds of movement, 12 degrees/s and 30 degrees/s. Torque was measured at 5 degrees increments (from 100 degrees flexion to full extension) under conditions of MVC alone and MVC + ES. Stimulation was provided by means of a biphasic, symmetrical, square wave with a pulse width of 600 micro. Frequency of stimulation was either 30 Hz or 80 Hz. It was found that the pattern of torque production was unaffected by the application of ES. Peak torque values at both speeds were significantly lower when ES was applied at both frequencies compared to MVC alone. This inhibitory effect was found to extend throughout the middle range of movement. This tended to be more pronounced with the 80 Hz frequency. In general these findings were in agreement with those reported previously for isometric conditions. Verf.-Referat (gekuerzt)