Responses of pre- and post-menopausal females to aerobic conditioning

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Reaktionen auf Ausdauertraining bei Frauen vor und nach der Menopause
Author:Cowan, Mary M.; Gregory, Larry W.
Published in:Medicine and science in sports and exercise
Published:17 (1985), 1 , S. 138-143, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0195-9131, 1530-0315
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Identification number:PU198504023678


This study sought to determine whether the ability to improve cardiorespiratory endurance and body composition is affected by the menopausal status of females. Twenty premenopausal females and 18 postmenopausal females, ages 3549 and 47-66 yr, were randomly assigned to exercise and control groups depending on menopausal status. Both exercise groups (PRE-EX, N = 16; POST-EX, N = 14) participated in a progressive walking program (4 days/week for 9 weeks) at an intensity of 80 the age-adjusted heart rate maximum (80 HRM). Following training, both exercise groups significantly improved submaximal exercise capacity (SEC) as measured by oxygen consumption and treadmill walking time at 80 HRM. The PRE-EX group significantly improved percent body fat and lean body weight, while there was no significant change in total body weight. The POST-EX group significantly improved total body weight and percent body fat with no significant change in lean body weight. ANCOVA revealed exercise, not menopause, to be the effective treatment for improving percent body fat and SEC. These findings suggest that the ability to favorably alter body composition and cardiorespiratory endurance through the aerobic conditioning of females is independent of menopausal status. Verf.-Referat