The effectiveness of military hospital-based drug treatment program (PMK) when compared with the traditional community-based drug treatment program (FAST)

Author: Kaewkham, Niramon; Leelahanaj, Thawatchai; Yingwiwattanapong, Jatsada; Rattanasumawong, Wanida
Language: English
Published: 2019
Source: PubMed Central (PMC)
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BACKGROUND: In Thailand, two community-based drug treatment approaches are common. The first one is the traditional community-based treatment program (FAST) which brings the principles of community therapy as a guideline for treatment. The second one is the military hospital-based drug treatment program (PMK), derived from the basic military training, the Buddhist Twelve Steps, CBT and the Minnesota Rehabilitation Model. This study aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy of PMK vs. FAST. METHOD: The experiment was conducted from January–March 2016 at the rehabilitation center for patients with drug addiction in Thailand. Quasi-experimental methods were introduced, and ASSIST, WHOQOL-BRIEF-THAI and self-efficacy interview form were applied. After completing the drug rehabilitation program at a total duration of 120 days, the researcher continued at follow up times at 3 and 6 months. RESULTS: Compared with baseline scores, both programs significantly reduced the severity of drugs and increased self-efficacy at 6-month follow-up. PMK had better improved scores in the relationship and environment dimensions of quality of life at 3-month follow-up (P = 0.026, 0.006). The mean quality of life scores in PMK at 3 and 6 months showed better results than mean scores at baseline (P = < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Both community-based programs in Thailand significantly reduced the severity of drugs and increased self-efficacy scores at 6-month follow-up. PMK and FAST has not shown any significant difference in treatment outcome results in the aspects of self-efficacy and reduced severity of drugs used. However, PMK had significant positive effects on the quality of life.