Classroom Standing Desks and Time-Series Variation in Sedentary Behavior and Physical Activity among Primary School Children

Author: Kidokoro, Tetsuhiro; Shimizu, Yasuo; Edamoto, Kanako; Annear, Michael
Language: English
Published: 2019
Source: PubMed Central (PMC)
Online Access: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6603736/
https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16111892
Identification number: ftpubmed:oai:pubmedcentral.nih.gov:6603736

Summary

The purpose of the present study was to examine the effects of height-adjustable standing desks on time-series variation in sedentary behavior (SB) among primary school children. Thirty-eight children aged 11–12 years (22 boys and 16 girls) from two classes at a primary school in Nagano, Japan, participated in this study. One class was allocated as the intervention group and provided with individual standing desks for 6 months, and the other was allocated as the control group. Time spent in SB, light-intensity physical activity (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) was measured using accelerometers (ActiGraph) at baseline and follow-up. Time spent in SB was significantly lower by 18.3 min/day on average in the intervention class at follow-up (interaction effects: F((1, 36)) = 4.95, p = 0.035, η(2) = 0.082). This was accompanied by a significant increase in time spent in MVPA (+19.9 min/day on average). Our time-series analysis showed significant decreases in SB during school time, while no change in SB was found during non-school time. This result indicates that the use of standing desks promotes an overall reduction in SB with no compensatory increase during non-school time.