Blood doping at the Olympic Games

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Blutdoping bei Olympischen Spielen
Author:Fitch, Kenneth D.
Published in:The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness
Published:57 (2017), 11, S. 1526-1532, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:0022-4707, 1827-1928
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201908005853
Source:BISp
TY  - JOUR
AU  - Fitch, Kenneth D.
A2  - Fitch, Kenneth D.
DB  - BISp
DP  - BISp
KW  - Blutdoping
KW  - Datenanalyse
KW  - Doping
KW  - Dopinganalyse
KW  - Dopingbekämpfung
KW  - Dopingnachweis
KW  - Erythropoetin
KW  - Forschung, empirische
KW  - Hämatologie
KW  - Infusion
KW  - Olympische Spiele
KW  - Sportmedizin
LA  - eng
TI  - Blood doping at the Olympic Games
TT  - Blutdoping bei Olympischen Spielen
PY  - 2017
N2  - INTRODUCTION: The objective of this paper was to review our knowledge of athletes who have, are believed to have or have attempted to engage in blood doping to enhance their performance at an Olympic Games. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The paper focused on the Games from Munich 1972 to London 2012 and the author had a medical role at each of the Olympics that is discussed. EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: The study revealed that Olympic athletes have benefitted from manipulating their blood by re-infusion of autologous or infusion of homologous blood and by administering erythropoiesis stimulating agents, notably the three generations of erythropoietins. Fifty seven athletes have been sanctioned with 12 athletes forfeiting 17 Olympic medals including 12 gold medals because of blood doping. Until 1986, the infusion of blood was not prohibited in sport but considered unethical. Erythropoietin was prohibited by the International Olympic Committee’s Medical Commission in 1990. CONCLUSIONS: There has been a change as to how Olympic athletes have enhanced performance by blood doping, commencing with blood infusion and later administering erythropoiesis stimulating agents and significant advances have occurred in detecting such misuse. Currently, the hematological component of World Anti-Doping Agency’s athlete biological passport is an important but not infallible mechanism to identify athletes who cheat by blood doping.
L2  - https://www.minervamedica.it/en/journals/sports-med-physical-fitness/article.php?cod=R40Y2017N11A1526
L2  - https://dx.doi.org/10.23736/S0022-4707.17.06948-1
DO  - 10.23736/S0022-4707.17.06948-1
SP  - S. 1526-1532
SN  - 0022-4707
JO  - The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness
IS  - 11
VL  - 57
M3  - Elektronische Ressource (online)
M3  - Gedruckte Ressource
ID  - PU201908005853
ER  -