Initial validation of a multilevel model of job satisfaction and career intentions among collegiate athletic trainers

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Initiale Validierung eines Multilevelmodels der Jobzufriedenheit und Karriereintentionen unter Rehatrainern am College
Author:Eason, Christianne M.; Mazerolle, Stephanie M.; Pitney, William A.
Published in:Journal of athletic training
Published:53 (2018), 7, S. 709-715, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:1062-6050, 0160-8320, 1938-162X
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Identification number:PU201811008363


Context:  The constructs of job satisfaction and career intentions in athletic training have been examined predominantly via unilevel assessment. The work-life interface is complex, and with troubling data regarding attrition, job satisfaction and career intentions should be examined via a multilevel model. Currently, no known multilevel model of career intentions and job satisfaction exists within athletic training.
Objective:  To validate a multilevel model of career intentions and job satisfaction among a collegiate athletic trainer population.
Design:  Cross-sectional study.
Setting:  Web-based questionnaire.
Patients or Other Participants:  Athletic trainers employed in National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I, II, or III or a National Association of Intercollegiate Athletics college or university (N = 299; 56.5% female, 43.5% male). The average age of participants was 34 ± 8.0 years, and average experience as an athletic trainer was 10.0 ± 8 years.
Main Outcome Measure(s):  A demographic questionnaire and 7 Likert-scale survey instruments were administered. Variables were responses related to work-family conflict, work-family enrichment, work-time control, perceived organizational family support, perceived supervisor family support, professional identity and values, and attitude toward women.
Results:  Exploratory factor analysis confirmed 3 subscales: (1) individual factors, (2) organizational factors, and (3) sociocultural factors. The scale was reduced from 88 to 62 items. A Cronbach α of 0.92 indicated excellent internal consistency.
Conclusions:  A multilevel examination highlighting individual, organizational, and sociocultural factors is a valid and reliable measure of job satisfaction and career identity among athletic trainers employed in the collegiate setting.