Modeling students’ instrumental (mis-) use of substances to enhance cognitive performance : neuroenhancement in the light of job demands-resources theory

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Title translated into German:Modellierung der instrumentellen (Fehl-) Anwendung von Substanzen durch Studierende zur Verbesserung der kognitiven Leistungsfähigkeit : Neuroenhancement im Lichte der Arbeitstätigkeit-Anforderungen-Ressourcen-Theorie
Author:Wolff, Wanja; Brand, Ralf; Baumgarten, Franz; Lösel, Johanna; Ziegler, Matthias
Published in:BioPsychoSocial medicine
Published:8 (2014), 1, Art.-ID 12; [11 S.], Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online)
Language:English
ISSN:1751-0759
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201710008806
Source:BISp
id PU201710008806
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first_indexed 2017-10-16T12:22:49Z
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hierarchy_top_id JO00000202435
hierarchy_parent_id JOI201400010202435
hierarchy_top_title BioPsychoSocial medicine
hierarchy_parent_title BioPsychoSocial medicine, 2014, 1
is_hierarchy_id PU201710008806
is_hierarchy_title Modeling students’ instrumental (mis-) use of substances to enhance cognitive performance : neuroenhancement in the light of job demands-resources theory
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publishDate 2014
publishDate_facet 2014
language eng
title Modeling students’ instrumental (mis-) use of substances to enhance cognitive performance : neuroenhancement in the light of job demands-resources theory
spellingShingle Modeling students’ instrumental (mis-) use of substances to enhance cognitive performance : neuroenhancement in the light of job demands-resources theory
Doping
Dopingbekämpfung
Dopingprävention
Drogenmissbrauch
Einstellung
Einstellung, innere
Hirndoping
Kognition
Leistung, kognitive
Leistungsfähigkeit, geistige
Leistungssteigerung
Medikamentenmissbrauch
Missbrauch
Modellierung
Psychologie
Student
Verhaltenspsychologie
title_sort modeling students’ instrumental mis use of substances to enhance cognitive performance neuroenhancement in the light of job demandsresources theory
title_short Modeling students’ instrumental (mis-) use of substances to enhance cognitive performance : neuroenhancement in the light of job demands-resources theory
title_alt Modellierung der instrumentellen (Fehl-) Anwendung von Substanzen durch Studierende zur Verbesserung der kognitiven Leistungsfähigkeit : Neuroenhancement im Lichte der Arbeitstätigkeit-Anforderungen-Ressourcen-Theorie
title_alt_lang deu
media_type Elektronische Ressource (online)
city London
abstract Background: Healthy university students have been shown to use psychoactive substances, expecting them to be functional means for enhancing their cognitive capacity, sometimes over and above an essentially proficient level. This behavior called Neuroenhancement (NE) has not yet been integrated into a behavioral theory that is able to predict performance. Job Demands Resources (JD-R) Theory for example assumes that strain (e.g. burnout) will occur and influence performance when job demands are high and job resources are limited at the same time. The aim of this study is to investigate whether or not university students’ self-reported NE can be integrated into JD-R Theory’s comprehensive approach to psychological health and performance. Methods: 1,007 students (23.56 ± 3.83 years old, 637 female) participated in an online survey. Lifestyle drug, prescription drug, and illicit substance NE together with the complete set of JD-R variables (demands, burnout, resources, motivation, and performance) were measured. Path models were used in order to test our data’s fit to hypothesized main effects and interactions. Results: JD-R Theory could successfully be applied to describe the situation of university students. NE was mainly associated with the JD-R Theory’s health impairment process: Lifestyle drug NE (p < .05) as well as prescription drug NE (p < .001) is associated with higher burnout scores, and lifestyle drug NE aggravates the study demands-burnout interaction. In addition, prescription drug NE mitigates the protective influence of resources on burnout and on motivation. Conclusion: According to our results, the uninformed trying of NE (i.e., without medical supervision) might result in strain. Increased strain is related to decreased performance. From a public health perspective, intervention strategies should address these costs of non-supervised NE. With regard to future research we propose to model NE as a means to reach an end (i.e. performance enhancement) rather than a target behavior itself. This is necessary to provide a deeper understanding of the behavioral roots and consequences of the phenomenon.
abstract_lang eng
abstract_type author
author2 Wolff, Wanja
Brand, Ralf
Baumgarten, Franz
Lösel, Johanna
Ziegler, Matthias
author_facet Wolff, Wanja
Brand, Ralf
Baumgarten, Franz
Lösel, Johanna
Ziegler, Matthias
author2-role Autor
Autor
Autor
Autor
Autor
author_author_facet Wolff, Wanja
Brand, Ralf
Baumgarten, Franz
Lösel, Johanna
Ziegler, Matthias
spelling Wolff, Wanja
Brand, Ralf
Baumgarten, Franz
Lösel, Johanna
Ziegler, Matthias





1751-0759
10.1186/1751-0759-8-12
Doping
Dopingbekämpfung
Dopingprävention
Drogenmissbrauch
Einstellung
Einstellung, innere
Hirndoping
Kognition
Leistung, kognitive
Leistungsfähigkeit, geistige
Leistungssteigerung
Medikamentenmissbrauch
Missbrauch
Modellierung
Psychologie
Student
Verhaltenspsychologie
abuse
attitude
cognition
Cognitive enhancement
cognitive performance
doping
drug abuse
fight against doping
intellectual performance ability
modelling
performance increase
personal attitude
psychology
psychology of behavior
student
Dopingmittel
Prozess, kognitiver
Funktion, kognitive
Leistungsoptimierung
Leistungsverbesserung
Leistungszuwachs
Fähigkeit, geistige
Gesundheit, geistige
Studentin

Psychologie, angewandte
Attituede
increase in performance
intellectual performance capability
intellectual performance capacity
mental performance ability
mental performance capability
mental performance capacity
behavioral psychology
personal attitude
adjustment
attitude
Modeling students’ instrumental (mis-) use of substances to enhance cognitive performance : neuroenhancement in the light of job demands-resources theory
PU201710008806
201710008806
issn 1751-0759
doi 10.1186/1751-0759-8-12
url https://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1751-0759-8-12
https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/1751-0759-8-12
https://bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com/track/pdf/10.1186/1751-0759-8-12?site=bpsmedicine.biomedcentral.com
url-type fulltext
fulltext
fulltext
url-free 1
1
1
topic Doping
Dopingbekämpfung
Dopingprävention
Drogenmissbrauch
Einstellung
Einstellung, innere
Hirndoping
Kognition
Leistung, kognitive
Leistungsfähigkeit, geistige
Leistungssteigerung
Medikamentenmissbrauch
Missbrauch
Modellierung
Psychologie
Student
Verhaltenspsychologie
topic_facet Doping
Dopingbekämpfung
Dopingprävention
Drogenmissbrauch
Einstellung
Einstellung, innere
Hirndoping
Kognition
Leistung, kognitive
Leistungsfähigkeit, geistige
Leistungssteigerung
Medikamentenmissbrauch
Missbrauch
Modellierung
Psychologie
Student
Verhaltenspsychologie
topic_en abuse
attitude
cognition
Cognitive enhancement
cognitive performance
doping
drug abuse
fight against doping
intellectual performance ability
modelling
performance increase
personal attitude
psychology
psychology of behavior
student
topic_en_facet abuse
attitude
cognition
Cognitive enhancement
cognitive performance
doping
drug abuse
fight against doping
intellectual performance ability
modelling
performance increase
personal attitude
psychology
psychology of behavior
student
synonym Dopingmittel
Prozess, kognitiver
Funktion, kognitive
Leistungsoptimierung
Leistungsverbesserung
Leistungszuwachs
Fähigkeit, geistige
Gesundheit, geistige
Studentin

Psychologie, angewandte
Attituede
synonym_en increase in performance
intellectual performance capability
intellectual performance capacity
mental performance ability
mental performance capability
mental performance capacity
behavioral psychology
personal attitude
adjustment
attitude
journal_facet BioPsychoSocial medicine
container_title BioPsychoSocial medicine
container_volume 8
container_issue 1
container_start_page Art.-ID 12; [11 S.]
has_references 1
institution BISp
journal_fac JO00000202435
journal_year 2014
journal_issue 1
_version_ 1670379512623267840
score 13,233975