Body climate differences for men and women wearing functional underwear during sport at temperatures below zero degrees celsius

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Körperklimaunterschiede bei Männern und Frauen, die funktionelle Unterwäsche während des Sports bei Temperaturen unter Null Grad Celsius tragen
Author:Schindelka, B.; Litzenberger, S.; Sabo, A.
Published in:Procedia engineering
Published:2013, 60 (6th Asia-Pacific Congress on Sports Technology (APCST)), S. 46-50, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201705003382

Author's abstract

Functional underwear regulates the body climate by influencing moisture and temperature of the skin. Especially in alpine skiing and snowboarding athletes have alternating phases of physical activity and pauses (downhill, ski-lift rides) thus the maintenance of a stable body climate is essential to prevent the body from overheating or cooling down too much. However no research has been conducted so far concerning differences in requirements for heat- and moisture-regulation for men and women. To assess the differences in body climate for men and women in this study four differently warm functional underwear shirts were tested on five male and five female subjects wearing similar standard ski clothing above the underwear. Four moisture- and four temperature sensors were attached on specific positions to the subjects’ skin. Tests on a cycling-ergometer were performed in a climatic-chamber (-9∘C, 70% rh) tests. Overall results clearly show that there are significant gender-specific differences in body climate, like higher body temperature and higher moisture for men compared to women.