Positive factors influencing the advancement of women to the role of head athletic trainer in the National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions II and III

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Positive Faktoren, die eine Beförderung von Frauen zum Cheftrainer in der National Collegiate Athletic Association Divisions II und III ermöglichen
Author:Mazerolle, Stephanie M.; Eason, Christianne M.
Published in:Journal of athletic training
Published:51 (2016), 7, S. 550-556, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:1062-6050, 0160-8320, 1938-162X
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201610006916

Author's abstract

Context: Research suggests that women do not pursue leadership positions in athletic training due to a variety of reasons, including family challenges, organizational constraints, and reluctance to hold the position. The literature has been focused on the National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I setting, limiting our full understanding.
Objective: To examine factors that help women as they worked toward the position of head athletic trainer.
Design: Qualitative study.
Setting: Divisions II and III.
Patients or Other Participants: Seventy-seven women who were employed as head athletic trainers at the Division II or III level participated in our study. Participants were 38 ± 9 (range = 24−57) years old and had an average of 14 ± 8 (range = 1−33) years of athletic training experience.
Data Collection and Analysis: We conducted online interviews. Participants journaled their reflections to a series of open-ended questions pertaining to their experiences as head athletic trainers. Data were analyzed using a general inductive approach. Credibility was secured by peer review and researcher triangulation.
Results: Three organizational facilitators emerged from the data, workplace atmosphere, mentors, and past work experiences. These organizational factors were directly tied to aspects within the athletic trainer's employment setting that allowed her to enter the role. One individual-level facilitator was found: personal attributes that were described as helpful for women in transitioning to the role of the head athletic trainer. Participants discussed being leaders and persisting toward their career goals.
Conclusions: Women working in Divisions II and III experience similar facilitators to assuming the role of head athletic trainer as those working in the Division I setting. Divisions II and III were viewed as more favorable for women seeking the role of head athletic trainer, but like those in the role in the Division I setting, women must have leadership skills.