An internal focus leads to longer Quiet Eye durations in novice dart players

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Bei Anfängern im Dart führt ein interner Fokus zu längeren Quiet-Eye-Verweildauern
Author:Querfurth, Sydney; Schücker, Linda; Lussanet de la Sablonière, Marc H.E. de; Zentgraf, Karen
Published in:Frontiers in psychology
Published:2016, 7, Art.-ID 633; [11 S.], Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online)
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Identification number:PU201606004003

Author's abstract

While the benefits of both an external focus of attention (FOA) and of a longer quiet eye (QE) duration have been well researched in a wide range of sporting activities, little is known about the interaction of these two phenomena and how a potential interaction might influence performance. It was this study’s aim to investigate the interaction and potential effect on performance by using typical FOA instructions in a dart throwing task and examining both the QE and performance outcome. The results replicate neither the benefit of an external FOA nor the benefit of a longer QE duration. However, an interaction was observed, as QE was prolonged by an earlier onset and later offset in the internal focus condition only. As the typical effect of a performance benefit due to an external focus could not be replicated, the interaction must be interpreted with caution. The results are discussed and interpreted in light of the inhibition hypothesis and possible avenues for future research are suggested.