Body composition analysis of inter-county Gaelic athletic association players measured by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Analyse der Körperzusammensetzung von Spielern des gaelischen Sportverbandes gemessen mit einer Dualen Röntgenstrahlung
Author:Davies, Robert W.; Toomey, Clodagh; McCormack, William; Hughes, Katie; Cremona, Alexandra ; Jakeman, Philip
Published in:Journal of sports sciences
Published:34 (2016), 11, S. 1015-1020, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource Electronic resource (online)
Language:English
ISSN:0264-0414, 1466-447X
Keywords:
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Identification number:PU201604001988
Source:BISp

Author's abstract

Gaelic Football and Hurling are two sporting codes within the Gaelic Athletic Association. The purpose of this study was to report the body composition phenotype of inter-county Gaelic athletic association players, comparing groups by code and field position. 190 senior, male, outfield inter-county players (144 hurlers and 46 Gaelic footballers) were recruited. Stature and body mass was measured, estimates of three components of body composition, i.e. lean mass, fat mass and bone mineral content was obtained by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA), and normative data for Gaelic athletic association athletes by code and position was compared. Other than in the midfield, there was limited difference in body composition between codes or playing position. Stature-corrected indices nullified any existing group differences between midfielders for both codes. Further comparisons with a non-athletic control group (n = 431) showed no difference for body mass index (BMI); however, the athletic group has a lower fat mass index, with a greater lean mass in accounting for the matched BMI between groups. In addition to providing previously unknown normative data for the Gaelic athletic association athlete, a proportional and independent tissue evaluation of body composition is given.