Performance decrement and skill deterioration during a water polo game are linked with the conditioning level of the athletes

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Der Leistungsabfall und die Verschlechterung der Technik während eines Wasserballspiels hängen mit dem Konditionsstand der Sportler zusammen
Author:Botonis, Petros G.; Toubekis, Argyris G.; Terzis, Gerasimos D.; Geladas, Nickos D.; Platanou, Theodoros I.
Published in:Journal of strength and conditioning research
Published:30 (2016), 4, S. 1033-1041, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:1064-8011, 1533-4287
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201604001784

Author's abstract

The aim of the study was to examine whether physical and technical performance deterioration after a water polo game is related to the athletes’ conditioning level. Blood lactate concentration was measured during a 5 × 200-m incremental swimming test in 10 male water polo athletes to calculate the velocities corresponding to 4.0, 5.0, and 10.0 mmol•L−1 lactate concentration (V4, V5, and V10, respectively) and define their conditioning level. All athletes participated in 5 competitive water polo games. Before (Pre), at half time (Mid), and after (Post) the first 2 games, handgrip strength and repeated sprint ability (8 × 20-m) were measured. Pre and Post the next 2 games, ball throwing velocity, shooting accuracy, and 400-m swim were evaluated. Pre, Mid, and Post the last game, the eggbeater kick test was performed. Handgrip strength, repeated sprint ability, 400-m swim performance, and ball shooting accuracy decreased after the game (8.4 ± 6.2%, 6.3 ± 3.4%, 7.0 ± 4.1%, and 20.3 ± 23.4%, respectively, p ≤ 0.05). V4, V5, and V10 were not significantly correlated with changes in physical or technical performance after the game. Performance in 400-m swim correlated with V4 and V5 whereas changes in 400-m swim Pre-Post, correlated with changes in ball shooting accuracy and throwing velocity (r = 0.73 and r = 0.80, p ≤ 0.05). These data suggest that V4, V5, and V10 may not correlate with performance decline in water polo. Interestingly, the 400-m swim test is connected with the decline in repeated sprints, ball shooting accuracy, and throwing velocity after a water polo game in well-trained athletes.