Correlates of objectively measured physical activity in 5-6-year old preschool children

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Einflussfaktoren der objektiv gemessenen körperlichen Aktivität von Vorschulkindern im Alter von 5-6 Jahren
Author:Grønholt Olesen, L.; Lund Kristensen, P.; Korsholm, L.; Boye Koch, A.; Froberg, K.
Published in:The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness
Published:55 (2015), 5, S. 513-526, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:0022-4707, 1827-1928
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201511008994

Author's abstract

AIM: The aim of this study was to identify gender specific physical activity correlates in Danish preschool children, using a socioecological approach. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Odense, Denmark. The gender specific models were based on data from 174 boys and 177 girls, 5-6 years of age and enrolled in 40 randomly selected preschools. Percentage of total daily time spent in moderate and vigorously physical activity (MVPA) was measured using ActiGraph accelerometers over 5 preschool days and 2 days off. Thirty-nine potential correlates of child MVPA across 5 domains were tested for associations with gender specific MVPA. RESULTS: The gender specific models consistently identified motor coordination and the parents’ perceptions of their child’s activity preferences during free play to be positively associated with MVPA. Days with rain or no preschool attendance were negatively associated with MVPA. For boys, rural area and the size of the preschool playground were positively associated with MVPA, whereas for girls, it was the age and the relative preschool indoor area. CONCLUSION: Individual and overall environmental correlates of MVPA were identified. However, most correlates were not or only weakly related to MVPA. It is possible that the interaction with peers and surrounding adults might contribute the most to preschool child MVPA. Verf.-Referat