Intensive abdominal drawing-in maneuver after unipedal postural stability in nonathletes with core instability

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Intensives Einziehen des Bauches nach einer einbeinigen posturalen Stabilität bei Nichtsportlern mit Rumpfinstabilität
Author:Lee, Nam G.; You, Joshua (Sung) H.; Kim, Tae-Hyung; Choi, Bong S.
Published in:Journal of athletic training
Published:50 (2015), 2, S. 147-155, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
ISSN:1062-6050, 0160-8320, 1938-162X
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201504002934


Context: The exact neuromechanical nature and relative contribution of the abdominal drawing-in maneuver (ADIM) to postural instability warrants further investigation in uninjured and injured populations. Objective: To determine the effects of the ADIM on static core and unipedal postural stability in nonathletes with core instability. Design: Controlled laboratory study. Setting: University research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: A total of 19 nonathletes (4 women: age¼22.3 6 1.3 years, height¼164.0 6 1.7 cm, mass ¼56.0 6 4.6 kg; 15 men: age¼24.6 6 2.8 years, height¼172.6 6 4.7 cm, mass ¼ 66.8 6 7.6 kg) with core instability. Intervention(s): Participants received ADIM training with visual feedback 20 minutes each day for 7 days each week over a 2-week period. Main Outcome Measures(s): Core instability was determined using a prone formal test and measured by a pressure biofeedback unit. Unipedal postural stability was determined by measuring the center-of-pressure sway and associated changes in the abdominal muscle-thickness ratios. Electromyographic activity was measured concurrently in the external oblique, erector spinae, gluteus medius, vastus medialis oblique, tibialis anterior, and medial gastrocnemius muscles. Results: All participants initially were unable to complete the formal test. However, after the 2-week ADIM training period, all participants were able to reduce the pressure biofeedback unit by a range of 4 to 10 mm Hg from an initial 70 mm Hg and maintain it at 60 to 66 mm Hg with minimal activation of the external oblique (t18¼3.691, P¼.002) and erector spinae (t18¼ 2.823, P¼.01) muscles. Monitoring of the pressure biofeedback unit and other muscle activations confirmed that the correct muscle contraction defining the ADIM was accomplished. This core stabilization was well maintained in the unipedal-stance position, as evidenced by a decrease in the center-of-pressure sway measures (t18 range, 3.953–5.775, P , .001), an increased muscle-thickness ratio for the transverse abdominis (t18 ¼ 2.327, P ¼ .03), and a reduction in external oblique muscle activity (t18 ¼ 3.172, P ¼ .005). Conclusions: We provide the first evidence to highlight the positive effects of ADIM training on core and postural stability in nonathletes with core instability. Verf.-Referat