Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype characteristics of elite female volleyball players from the highest Spanish league

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Charakteristika der Anthropometrie, Körperzusammensetzung und Somatotypus von Profisportlerinnen im Volleyball der höchsten spanischen Liga
Author:Martín-Matillas, Miguel; Valadés, David; Hernández-Hernández, Elena; Olea-Serranoe, Fátima; Sjöström, Michael; Ortega, Francisco B.
Published in:Journal of sports sciences
Published:32 (2014), 2, S. 137-148, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:0264-0414, 1466-447X
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201407006408
Source:BISp

Abstract

This study aimed to describe morphological characteristics of elite female volleyball players from the highest Spanish league, with special focus on differences by performance level and playing positions. Nearly all female players playing in the highest Spanish volleyball league during season 2003/2004 participated in this study (N=148 elite players, 92% of the total). Anthropometric, body composition and somatotype parameters according to performance and playing positions were analysed. The players’ characteristics were as follows; body mass 72.3±8.4 kg; stature 179.8±7.1 cm; body fat 24.0±3.1% and skeletal muscle mass 27.3±2.9 kg. Mean somatotype was 3.1±0.7; 3.4±0.9; 3.1±0.9 characterised as central with a tendency to balanced mesomorph. Top level players (whose teams were better classified in the team performance ranking) were taller, had higher skeletal muscle mass and ectomorphy, and had a lower level of adiposity markers, compared with lower level players. Players selected for their respective National teams (individual performance) were taller, heavier, had higher muscle mass and lower endomorphy than non-selected players. Differences according to playing positions were found. This study provides a complete set of reference data on anthropometry, body composition and somatotype of elite female volleyball players. Morphological differences have been identified according to performance level and playing position. Verf.-Referat