Fatigue-induced alterations of static and dynamic postural control in athletes with a history of ankle sprain

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Durch Ermüdung induzierte Veränderungen der statischen und dynamischen Haltungskontrolle bei Sportlern mit zurückliegender Sprunggelenkdistorsion
Author:Steib, Simon; Zech, Astrid; Hentschke, Christian; Pfeifer, Klaus
Published in:Journal of athletic training
Published:48 (2013), 2, S. 203-208, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:1062-6050, 0160-8320, 1938-162X
Keywords:
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Identification number:PU201305003379
Source:BISp

Abstract

Context: Sensorimotor control is impaired after ankle injury and in fatigued conditions. However, little is known about fatigue-induced alterations of postural control in athletes who have experienced an ankle sprain in the past. Objective: To investigate the effect of fatiguing exercise on static and dynamic balance abilities in athletes who have successfully returned to preinjury levels of sport activity after an ankle sprain. Design: Cohort study. Setting: University sport science research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: 30 active athletes, 14 with a previous severe ankle sprain (return to sport activity 6–36 months before study entry; no residual symptoms or subjective instability) and 16 uninjured controls. Intervention(s): Fatiguing treadmill running in 2 experimental sessions to assess dependent measures. Main Outcome Measure(s): Center-of-pressure sway velocity in single-legged stance and time to stabilization (TTS) after a unilateral jump-landing task (session 1) and maximum reach distance in the Star Excursion Balance Test (SEBT) (session 2) were assessed before and immediately after a fatiguing treadmill exercise. A 2-factorial linear mixed model was specified for each of the main outcomes, and effect sizes (ESs) were calculated as Cohen d. Results: In the unfatigued condition, between-groups differences existed only for the anterior-posterior TTS (P = .05, ES = 0.39). Group-by-fatigue interactions were found for mean SEBT (P = .03, ES = 0.43) and anterior-posterior TTS (P = .02, ES = 0.48). Prefatigue versus postfatigue SEBT and TTS differences were greater in previously injured athletes, whereas static sway velocity increased similarly in both groups. Conclusions: Fatiguing running significantly affected static and dynamic postural control in participants with a history of ankle sprain. Fatigue-induced alterations of dynamic postural control were greater in athletes with a previous ankle sprain. Thus, even after successful return to competition, ongoing deficits in sensorimotor control may contribute to the enhanced ankle reinjury risk. Verf.-Referat