Two modes of weight training programs and patellar stabilization

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Zwei Krafttrainingsmethoden und Patellastabilisation
Author:Wong, Yiu-ming; Chan, Suk-tak; Tang, Kwok-wing; Ng, Gabriel Y.F.
Published in:Journal of athletic training
Published:44 (2009), 3, S. 264-271, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Electronic resource (online) Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:1062-6050, 0160-8320, 1938-162X
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201105004308
Source:BISp

Abstract

Context: Underconditioned patellar stabilizing muscles could be a predisposing factor for patellar instability. Objective: To examine the effect of 2 modes of weight training on the size of the vastus medialis obliquus (VMO), the resting position and passive mobility of the patella, and the strength of the knee extensor muscles. Design: Prospective intervention, repeated measures in 3 groups. Setting: Orthopaedic and sports sciences research laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: 48 healthy adults free from back and lower extremity injuries. Intervention(s): Participants were randomly assigned to muscle hypertrophy training, muscle strength training, or the control group. Those in the training groups pursued training 3 times per week for 8 weeks. Main Outcome Measure(s): Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasound cross-sectional area of the VMO, patellar tilt angle on magnetic resonance imaging, instrumented passive patellar mobility, and isometric knee extension torque of the dominant leg. Results: Participants in both training groups had comparable gains in VMO size, passive patellar stability, and knee extension force, all of which were greater than for the control group (P < .05). Conclusions: Both short-term muscle hypertrophy and strength training programs can reinforce the patellar stabilizers in previously untrained volunteers. Verf.-Referat