Vyru ir moteru irkluotoju taktika olimpinese zaidynese

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Die Taktik von Ruderern und Ruderinnen bei den Olympischen Spielen
Title translated into English:Male and female rowers' tactics at the Olympic Games
Author:Venclovaite, Laimute; Raslanas, Algirdas
Published in:Sporto mokslas
Published:2006, 1, S. 30-35, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:Lithuanian
ISSN:1392-1401, 2424-3949
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU201001001293
Source:BISp

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate male and female rowers’ tactics at the Olympic Games. Analysis and technical records have been done for the Olympic Games 1988-2004, where pacing time of separate lengths of distance (every 500 m) in 2000 m distance have been timed. Average speed in distance, speed changes in separate length of distance were examined and compared to the average distance rowing speed at the rowing regattas of the Olympic Games 1980-2004 of A final man crews (n = 335) and of years 1988-2004 Olympic Games rowing regattas of A final woman crews (n = 179). The distance pacing speed changes and tactics variants of rowers that took different places were compared in-between. Also, time difference was set between the first and the second section of 1000 metres. For the reliability of averages differences between separate indexes groups Student-t criterion was employed. Analysing tactics of the finalists of 1980-2004 Olympic Games, the authors detected two different groups of tactics. In the first group variants were often used (1-2, 1-3, 1-4) while in the second group variants were seldom used (3-2, 4-2, 4-3). From the first group the variants often used by male rowers and most effective was type 1-2, 56.2% of crews won medals in Olympic Games. Among female rowers the most effective type was 1-3 and 54.6% of crews won medals. It was detected that there were smaller differences between the first 1000 m section pacing time and the second one in men crews who won medals than in crews who took 4-6 places, except 1988 Olympic Games, where differences were smaller in men crews that took 4-6 places. At the Olympic Games 1996 and 2004, statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) were detected between crews that took 1-3 and 4-6 places between the first 1000 m section rowing time and the second one, differences between first and second 1000 m defeat time were smaller in prize-winner crews. The authors found that at the Olympic Games 1988-1996 there were smaller differences between the first 1000 m section pacing time and the second one in women crews who had took 4-6 places, but at the Olympic Games 2000-2004 smaller differences were found in women crews who took 1-3 places. At the Olympic Games 2004 the authors found statistically significant differences (p < 0.05) between the women crews that took 1-3 and 4-6 places between the first 1000 m section pacing time and the second one; differences between first and second 1000 m rowing time were smaller in prize-winner crews. Verf.-Referat