Life expectancy of Major League Baseball umpires

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Die Lebenserwartung von Unparteiischen im Major League Baseball
Author:Cohen, R.S.; Kamps, C.A.; Kokoska, S.; Segal, E.M.; Tucker, J.B.
Published in:The physician and sportsmedicine
Published:28 (2000), 5 , S. 83-86, 89, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0091-3847, 2326-3660
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199912408114

Author's abstract

BACKGROUND: The on-field death 4 years ago of a veteran Major League Baseball (MLB) umpire raised questions regarding the mortality risks of this profession. OBJECTIVE: To determine if the life expectancy of MLB umpires differs from that of the general population. DESIGN: Ages of death of MLB umpires were determined, and the differences between the ages of death and age-adjusted life expectancies were calculated. T-score analysis was performed on these differences. Correlational analysis was also done on many different factors, including umpire debut year, debut age, life expectancy at debut, and length of career. RESULTS: No significant difference was found between the age at death of MLB umpires and their age-adjusted life expectancy. Correlational analyses showed that only length of career correlated with age at death. CONCLUSION: MLB umpiring is not associated with a shortened life expectancy. While this is most likely attributable to the profession having no inherent risk, it could also be explained by inherent risks being overcome by yet unidentified, unique factors. Verf.-Referat