The effects of the antagonist muscle force on intersegmental loading during isokinetic efforts of the knee extensors

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Auswirkungen der antagonistischen Muskelkraft auf die mechanische Belastung zwischen Ober- und Unterschenkel waehrend isokinetischer Kniestreckarbeit
Author:Kellis, E.; Baltzopoulos, V.
Published in:Journal of biomechanics
Published:32 (1999), 1 , S. 19-25, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0021-9290, 1873-2380
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199902306746

Author's abstract

Hamstrings activation when acting as antagonists is considered very important for knee joint stability. However, the effect of hamstring antagonist activity on knee joint loading in vivo is not clear. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine the differences in antagonistic muscle force and their effect on agonist muscle and intersegmental forces during isokinetic eccentric and concentric efforts of the knee extensors. Ten males performed maximum isokinetic eccentric and concentric efforts of the knee extensors at 30ø/s. The muscular and tibiofemoral joint forces were then estimated using a two-dimensional model with and without including the antagonist muscle forces. The antagonist moment was predicted using an IEMG-moment model. The predicted antagonist force reached a maximum of 2.55 times body weight (BW) and 1.16 BW under concentric and eccentric conditions respectively. Paired t-tests indicated that these were significantly different (p<0.05). A one-way analysis of variance indicated that when antagonist forces are included in the calculations the patella tendon, compressive and posterior shear joint forces are significantly higher compared to those calculated without including the antagonist forces. The anterior shear force was not affected by antagonist activity. The antagonists produce considerable force throughout the range of motion and affect the joint forces exerted at the knee joint. Further, it appears that the antagonist effect depends on the type of muscle action examined as it is higher during concentric compared to eccentric efforts of the knee extensor. Verf.-Referat