Changes in bone mineral density during sexual maturation in male and female rats: correlation with serum IGF-1, IGFBP-3, osteocalcin and sex steroids

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Aenderungen der Knochenmineraldichte im Verlauf der sexuellen Reifung bei maennlichen und weiblichen Ratten: Korrelation mit IGF-1, IGF-bindendem Protein 3, Osteocalcin und den Sexualhormonen
Author:Fukuda, R.; Usuki, S.; Kotani, E.; Mukai, N.; Amagai, H.; Hayashi, K.; Takamatsu, K.
Published in:Japanese journal of physical fitness and sports medicine
Published:47 (1998), 1 , S. 155-163, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199806302298

Author's abstract

Bone (tibia, femur, and lumbar spine) and blood samples were obtained from 100 (50 males and 50 females) Wistar-Imamichi rats in groups aged 3, 5, 7, 9, 12, 15 and 20 weeks old to investigate the changes in bone mass during puberty in relation to insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-I), IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-3, osteocalcin (OC) and sex steroids in normal rats. Sharp increases in BMD (bone mineral density) in the tibia, femur and lumbar appeared earlier in female than in male rats, and the BMD in females tended to be higher than in males between 5 and 9 weeks old. After 9 weeks old, BMD in males was higher than that in females, as BMD in males continued to increase whereas that in females tended to remain in a steady state after this stage. This sex-related difference in changes in BMD pattern is probably related to the serum concentrations of IGF-1, IGFBP-3, testosterone, and 17 beta-estradiol with maturation. In males, marked increases in serum IGF-1 and IGFBP-3 concentrations appeared earlier than that in serum testosterone level. IGF-1 and testosterone peaked at 9 weeks of age, and thereafter remained in a steady state, whereas IGFBP-3 reached a peak at 7 weeks of age, and then declined gradually. In females, the changes in patterns of serum 17 beta-estradiol, IGF-1, and IGFBP-3 levels were very similar. The levels increased gradually from 3-5 weeks old, peaked at 9 weeks, and then decreased slowly thereafter. In contrast, serum OC concentrations remained relatively high from 3 to 9 and from 3 to 7 weeks old in males and females, respectively, although OC in both sexes declined gradually with aging. These observations suggest that BMD development occurs earlier in female than in male rats. This sex-related difference in changes in the BMD pattern may result from the earlier onset of puberty in females, and from the sex-specific differences in concentrations of IGF-1, IGFBP-3 and sex steroids with maturation. Verf.-Referat