Study on the relation between the stomatognathic system and the systemic condition - analysis of center of gravity fluctuations in athletes with imbalanced occlusion

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Studie zum Zusammenhang zwischen dem Mund-Kiefer-System und der allgemeinen Kondition - Analyse der Schwerpunkt-Fluktuationen bei Sportlern mit unausgewogenem Schlussbiss
Author:Ishigami, K.; Takeda, T.; Tsukimura, N.; Shimada, A.; Ohki, K.
Published in:Japanese journal of physical fitness and sports medicine
Published:46 (1997), 5 , S. 439-443, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199805301789

Author's abstract

It has been demonstrated that excellent athletes usually have not only a higher exercise capacity but also higher ability to maintain equilibrium which is important for assuming the various body postures required in different sports. It is thought that a method of training which enhances the sense of equilibrium will also increase the ability to perform certain sports. Many sensory organs and the central nervous system, which integrates these organs, are integrated to the maintenance of equilibrium. To maintain equilibrium, vestibular, visual and bathyesthetic inputs are integrated centrally (in the brainstem, cerebellum, etc.) and necessary commands are other tissues. A series of studies which we performed demonstrated that the ability to maintain equilibrium was lower in individuals with imbalanced occlusion than in individuals with normal occlusion. Imbalanced occlusion can be corrected by the appropriate use of rejin splints. We recently examined the effects of such splints on the equilibrium of athletes with imbalanced occlusion, using a gravity fluctuation analyzer. In this study, we raised the bite only within the amount of existing free way space. From these results, gravity fluctuation in athletes with imbalanced occlusion was greater than that in individuals with normal occlusion. However, when imbalanced occlusion was corrected by the use of rejin splints, gravity fluctuation tended to decrease. If these findings from the present study are combined with the knowledge that the exercise capacity of athletes has a positive correlation with their equilibrium maintenance ability, it appears that correction of imbalanced occlusion and the appropriate use of mouth protectors would contribute to improving the performance of athletes. Verf.-Referat