The effects of long-term mild aerobic training at lactate threshold and its cessation on blood pressure in older hypertensive patients under medication

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Auswirkungen von maessig intensivem - an der Laktatschwelle - Ausdauertraining und dessen Abbruch auf den Blutdruck von medikamentoes eingestellten aelteren Hypertoniepatienten
Author:Motoyama, M.; Sunami, Y.; Kinoshita, F.; Irie, T.; Kiyonaga, A.; Tanaka, H.; Shindo, M.
Published in:Japanese journal of physical fitness and sports medicine
Published:43 (1994), 4 , S. 300-308, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:Japanese
ISSN:0039-906X
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199704204072
Source:BISp

Abstract

After a general clinical observation period of 3 months, men and women from 66-82 yr. of age with hypertension (n=10) were studied to assess the effects of long-term mild aerobic training and detraining on their blood pressure. Ten patients agreed to take part in aerobic training using a treadmill with the intensity at the lactate threshold (LT) for 30 minutes 3 to 6 times a week for mean 17.1+/-9.8 months while the time course of changes in the resting blood pressure was monitored. Following the training period the LT increased significantly by the end of the training period (P<0.001). After 3 months of training both the systolic and diastolic blood pressure decreased significantly (P<0.05, respectively) and both blood pressures stabilized at a significantly lower level throughout the remainder of the study. The mean blood pressure decreased significantly for 9 months (P<0.05). Finally, the systolic, mean and diastolic blood pressure were found to have decreased significantly, by 9, 5, 11 mmHg, respectively by the end of the training period. (SBP and MBP: P<0.05, DBP: P<0.01, resprectively). One month after the training ended the systolic, mean and diastolic blood pressure all increased significantly (SBP and MBP: P<0.001, DBP: P<0.01, respectively) and approached the initial pre-training levels. In conclusion, the antihypertensive effect of mild aerobic training at the LT was confirmed for older patients taking antihypertensive medications. However, the cessation of such training resulted in a quick return to pre-training levels. Verf.-Referat