Changes in the effects of 18 month endurance run training on aerobic work capacity in young children

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Schwankungen in den Auswirkungen eines 18 Monate dauernden Dauerlauftrainings auf die Ausdauerleistung von kleinen Kindern
Author:Honda, Hiroko; Watanabe, Nobuo; Itoh, Kiyohide; Nakamura, Naka; Yoshizawa, Shigehiro
Published in:Japanese journal of physical fitness and sports medicine
Published:44 (1995), 2 , S. 251-266, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:Japanese
ISSN:0039-906X
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199605107936
Source:BISp

Author's abstract

Eight young girls as an experimental group (E group) and another eight as a control group (C group), (all aged 4-5 years), participated in the present study to observe the effects of training from May 1992 through November 1993. E group performed a 915 m endurance run on an agricultural road every day except Sundays for an 18 month training period. No special training was given to C group. In May 1992 (T1), November 1992 (T2), May 1993 (T3), and November 1993 (T4), both groups underwent treadmill tests in order to check aerobic variables such as heart rate (HR) and oxygen uptake (VO2) during the course of the training period. Times required for the run became shorter from summer to fall and from winter to spring (shortening phase), whereas they became prolonged from spring to summer and from fall to winter (prolongation phase). Therefore, there was a definite seasonality of performance endurance. The rates of shortening in the required times observed from summer to fall were considerably higher than from winter to spring, and this was reflected in the significant improvement of maximal running speed on the treadmill (Vmax) and maximal oxygen uptake in terms of body weight (VO2max/TBW) from T1 to T2 as well as from T3 to T4. Thus, significant differences were found between the groups at T2 and T4. HR levels during the endurance run were close to 95% HRmax regardless of the phase. Accordingly, the prolongation phases, during which circulatory parameters and ventilatory capacity were least improved, could be regarded as a preparatory period for the following shortening period, during which work load intensities furthermore increased the arteriovenous oxygen differences. Thus, when planning research on the effects of training on aerobic work capacity in the field, special attention should be paid to the season and the training period, and the timing of the examination for training effects, or otherwise, misleading conclusions could be drawn. Verf.-Referat