Effect of moderate endurance training (60% VO2max) on morphological characteristics and muscle strength in human thigh muscles

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Auswirkungen von maessig intensivem Ausdauertraining (60% VO2max) auf morphologische Merkmale und Muskelkraft der menschlichen Oberschenkelmuskulatur
Author:Akima, Hiroshi; Kuno, Shin-ya; Watanabe, Noboru; Nakajima, Hidehiko; Itai, Yuji; Katsuta, Shigeru
Published in:Japanese journal of physical fitness and sports medicine
Published:44 (1995), 3 , S. 365-374, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:Japanese
ISSN:0039-906X
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199605107636
Source:BISp

Author's abstract

In this study, the effect of moderate endurance training on muscle morphological properties of human thigh muscles and isokinetic strength was examined. Five sedentary females carried out a training program of 30 min/day, 3 times a week for a ten-week period. The load requirement was set to 60% of maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max) of the subjects. In the determination of muscle cross-sectional areas (CSAs) by MRI, longitudinal sections were first imaged, and ten axial images along the length of femur were taken before and after the endurance training. Muscle CSA and muscle volume of knee extensors (KE), flexors (KF), and adductors (AD) were calculated, using the ten axial images. VO2max was significantly increased after endurance training (14.6%, p<0.01). Muscle CSA in KE was significantly increased at the ten levels of femur length. There were also significant increases at seven levels of femur length after endurance training in KF (p<0.05, and 0.01). Percentage increase of muscle CSA in KE and KF were 10.9 to 16.5% and 7.7 to 15.8%, respectively. Although the muscle volume of KE, KF, and AD was significantly increased, no change in fat volume was observed after endurance training. Isokinetic knee extension and flexion peak torque and peak torque per unit of muscle CSA at three angular velocities (30, 180, and 300 deg/sec) didn't show significant changes. These results suggest that muscle hypertrophy induced by moderate endurance training has no effect on muscle strength. Verf.-Referat