Discrepancy between estimated energy intake and requirement in female dancers

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Missverhaeltnis zwischen geschaetzter Energieaufnahme und -ausgabe bei Taenzerinnen
Author:Dahlstroem, M.; Jansson, E.; Nordevang, E.; Kaijser, L.
Published in:Clinical physiology
Published:10 (1990), 1 , S. 11-25, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0144-5979, 1365-2281
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199604106965

Author's abstract

Dietary intake of energy, protein, fat and carbohydrates in female dance students compared to female music students was estimated by a dietary history method. Energy requirement was estimated from body weight and physical activity both by a standard formula and from the measured work intensity during dance training. Meal patterns showed significant differences in four types of meals on weekdays and in one type on weekends. The intake of protein, fat and carbohydrates in absolute amounts and the percentage of energy derived from protein were not significantly different between the two groups. The fraction of energy derived from carbohydrates was higher and that from fat was lower in the dancers than in the musicians. Energy intake was of similar magnitude for the dancers and the musicians (8,3+/-1,9 MJ vs. 8,3+/-1,7 MJ), while the estimated energy equirement was greater for the dancers (10,3+/-0,7 MJ vs. 8,9+/-0,4 MJ). The reason for the apparent discrepancy between energy intake and energy requirement of approximately 2 MJ in the dancers is not obvious. The energy intake may have been underestimated. Alternatively, the energy requirement may have been overestimated. The resting metabolic rate may have been depressed by years of low energy intake. In addition, as suggested by some authors, training as such may lower the resting metabolic rate as well as the diet-induced thermogenesis. Verf.-Referat