Physical activity and physical fitness as protection against premature disease or death

Saved in:
Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Koerperliche Aktivitaet und koerperliche Fitness als Vorbeugung vorzeitiger Erkrankung oder Tod
Author:Andersen, L.B.
Published in:Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports
Published:5 (1995), 6 , S. 318-328, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0905-7188, 1600-0838
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199601105106

Author's abstract

It is known from prospective studies that the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) is lower in the physically active compared with the sedentary part of the population, and the rate of CHD is lower with higher fitness level. In studies where both physical activity (PA) and fitness are assessed, only fitness, and not PA, appear to bean independent predictor of mortality from CHD. It is unclear whether other fitness components than maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) have a beneficial effect on the rate of CHD. Further, it seems likely that there is an upper threshold of fitness (VO2max) above which no further improvement in risk factors for CHD is found. However, most middle-aged people have fitness levels below this threshold. There is no doubt that the middle-aged sedentary person benefits from physical activity regardless of type and intensity, and it may be easier to motivate a sedentary person to carry out moderate physical activity. However, it is likely that the best effect is achieved by performing physical activity of a type and intensity sufficient to improve the fitness level. Still, recommendations of type, frequency, duration and intensity are matters of debate. Verf.-Referat