Ego-involvement and task-involvement: Related conceptions of ability, effort, and learning strategies among soccer players

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Ich-Einbindung und Aufgabeneinbezogenheit: Aehnliche Konzeptionen von Faehigkeit, Bemuehen und Lernstrategien bei Fussballspielern
Author:Thill, Edgar E.; Brunel, Philippe
Published in:International journal of sport psychology
Published:26 (1995), 1 , S. 81-97, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
ISSN:0047-0767, 1147-0767
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Identification number:PU199504100968

Author's abstract

Two experiments were realized in sport settings to study the conceptions of competence and effort according to the goal's perspectives. Their purpose was to verify that the conceptions presented by professional soccer players or varsity soccer players are dependent of their ego versus task involvement conditions (first study) or their motivational ego versus task orientations (second study). Since a strong interaction was obtained between motivational goals and competence feedback on related effort ascriptions, our predictions received empirical support. Furthermore, because previous research in academic settings also indicated that individual differences in goal orientations are positively related to the kind of information strategies use, a second set of predictions concerned the determinants of learning strategies in sport context (i.e., soccer shooting). Our results tend to confirm previous findings showing that in comparison to ego-orientated subjects, task-oriented subjects tend to use more deep-processing strategies irrespective of the kind of feedback provided. These results were interpreted with effort required by allocating mental resources to social comparisons or task components, effort which amount is specified by the goal and feedback loop. Verf.-Referat