Effects of different heavy-resistance exercise protocols on plasma beta-endorphin concentrations

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Auswirkungen unterschiedlicher Belastungsprotokolle bei intensivem Krafttraining auf die beta-Endorphin-Konzentrationen
Author:Kraemer, William J.; Dziados, Joseph E.; Marchitelli, Louis J.; Gordon, Scott E.; Harman, Everett A.; Mello, Robert; Fleck, Steven J.; Frykman, Peter N.; Triplett, N. Travis
Published in:Journal of applied physiology
Published:74 (1993), 1 , S. 450-459, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199502064387

Author's abstract

To examine the changes of plasma beta-endorphin (beta-EP) concentrations in response to various heavy-resistance exercise protocols, eight healthy male subjects randomly performed each of six heavy-resistance exercise protocols, which consisted of identically ordered exercises carefully designed to control for the repetition maximum (RM) resistance (5 vs. 10 RM), rest period length (1 vs. 3 min), and total work (joules). Plasma beta-EP, ammonia, whole blood lactate and serum cortisol, creatine kinase, urea, and creatinine were determined preexercise, midexercise, immediately postexercise, and at various time points after the exercise session. Only the high total work-exercise protocol (1 min rest, 10 RM load (H10/1)) demonstrated significant increases in plasma beta-EP and serum cortisol at midexercise and 0, 5, and 15 min postexercise. Increases in lactate were observed after the H10/1 protocol. Within the H10/1 protocol, lactate concentrations were correlated with plasma beta-EP concentrations. The primary finding of this investigation was that beta-EP responds differently to various heavy-resistance exercise protocols. In heavy-resistance exercise, it appears that the duration of the force production and the length of the rest periods between sets are key exercise variables that influence increases in plasma beta-EP and serum cortisol concentrations. Verf.-Referat