Effects of replacing 2-joint muscles with energetically equivalent 1-joint muscles on cost-function values of non-linear optimization approaches

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Auswirkungen des Austausches von energetisch gleichwertigen eingelenkigen Muskeln an die Stelle von zweigelenkigen Muskeln auf die Kosten-Funktionswerte bei nichtlinearen Optimierungsversuchen
Author:Herzog, W.; Binding, P.
Published in:Human movement science
Published:13 (1994), 5 , S. 569-586, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:0167-9457, 1872-7646
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199501074899
Source:BISp

Author's abstract

Static non-linear optimization was used to calculate the forces in muscles and the corresponding cost function values for a two-dimensional musculoskeletal system containing both 1-joint and 2-joint muscles, and an energetically equivalent system containing just 1-joint muscles. Agonistic muscular activity and co-contraction of pairs of antagonistic muscles were present in the general solutions of a system containing multi-joint muscles; such patterns of activity cannot be observed in a system containing just 1-joint muscles. If cost function values are considered to be a measure of some type of physiological effectiveness (as suggested implicitly or explicitly in the literature), than a system containing 2-joint muscles will tend to be more effective than a system containing 1-joint muscles, in situations where the directions of the resultant joint moments are equal. In situations where the direction of the joint moments are opposite, the system containing just 1-joint muscles tends to be more cost effective than the model containing 2-joint muscles. Verf.-Referat