Self-regulation training, state anxiety, and sport performance: A psychophysiological case study

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Selbstregulationstraining, Zustandsangst und sportliche Leistung: Eine psychophysiologische Fallstudie
Author:Prapavessis, Harry; Grove, J. Robert; MacNair, Peter J.; Cable, Nigel T.
Published in:The sport psychologist
Published:6 (1992), 3 , S. 213-229, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:0888-4781, 1543-2793
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199309067370
Source:BISp

Abstract

A single-subject research design was used to test the effectiveness of a cognitive-behavioral intervention in reducing state anxiety and improving sport performance. The subject was a small-bore rifle shooter who suffered from high levels of competition-related anxiety. Initially, self-report, physiological, and behavioral measures of baseline state anxiety were obtained during competition. A 6-week intervetion program was then implemented. This program included training in relaxation, thought stoppage, refocusing, coping statements, and biofeedback. An opportunity to practice using these procedures in competition was provided. Measures of state anxiety and performance were then obtained in a second competition. Results revealed that cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety, gun vibration, and urinary catecholamines decreased whereas self-confidence and performance increased from baseline to treatment. The importance of examining multiple dimensions of state anxiety using a multimethod, idiographic approach is discussed. Verf.-Referat