Preparation of dynamic posture and occurrence of low back pain

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Bibliographic Details
Title translated into German:Vorbereitung von dynamischer Koerperhaltung und das Auftreten von Rueckenschmerzen im Lumbalbereich
Author:Omino, Koji; Hayashi, Yoshio
Published in:Ergonomics
Published:35 (1992), 5/6 , S. 693-707, Lit.
Format: Publications (Database SPOLIT)
Publication Type: Journal article
Media type: Print resource
Language:English
ISSN:0014-0139
Keywords:
Online Access:
Identification number:PU199209056835
Source:BISp

Abstract

Improper posture is considered as one of the causes for low back pain. This study focused attention on low back pain that occurs when people adopt a dynamic posture. Low back pain in attendants was investigated as a typical example of low back pain in a dynamic posture. When multi-dimensional quantification III was applied to the results of the investigation, low back pain was found to occur in six postural patterns: bending knee posture, the posture of lifting and holding a light object, the posture of tilting the trunk, working posture to push a cart, the posture of turning or lifting a cart, and the posture of stretching. This survey found that low back pain frequently occurred when an unexpected load was imposed on the lumbar region and experiments were conducted to simulate the unexpected loading of this region. This experimental results showed that lumbar muscular activity was not fast enough to cope with the load and resulted in an increased swaying of the trunk. This swaying was considered to induce a load on the lumbar region. It is concluded that low back pain can be prevented if an appropriate preparatory set is taken. Verf.-Referat