German submarine U-505

USS ''Guadalcanal'' lying alongside the captured ''U-505'' {|

|Ship name= |Ship ordered=25 September 1939 |Ship builder=Deutsche Werft AG, Hamburg-Finkenwerder |Ship original cost= |Ship yard number=295 |Ship laid down=12 June 1940 |Ship launched=24 May 1941 |Ship commissioned=26 August 1941 |Ship fate=Captured on 4 June 1944 by US Navy ships in the Atlantic |Ship status=Preserved as a museum ship }} surfaced * submerged |Ship length= * o/a * pressure hull |Ship beam= * o/a * pressure hull |Ship height= |Ship draught= |Ship power= * (diesels) * (electric) |Ship propulsion= *2 shafts *2 × diesel engines *2 × electric motors |Ship speed= * surfaced * submerged |Ship range= * at surfaced * at submerged |Ship test depth= * |Ship complement=48 to 56 |Ship armament= *6 × torpedo tubes (4 bow, 2 stern) *22 × torpedoes *1 × SK C/32 deck gun (180 rounds) *1 × SK C/30 AA gun *1 × twin 2 cm FlaK 30 AA guns |Ship notes= }}

}}

|location= |built=1941 |architect=Deutsche Werft AG, Hamburg, Germany |architecture= |added=1989 |designated_nrhp_type=1989 |visitation_num= |visitation_year= |refnum=89001231 |mpsub= }} |}

''U-505'' is a German German Type IXC submarine built for Germany's ''Kriegsmarine'' during World War II. She was captured by the U.S. Navy on 4 June 1944.

In her uniquely unlucky career with the ''Kriegsmarine'', she had the distinction of being the "most heavily damaged U-boat to successfully return to port" in World War II on her fourth patrol, and the only submarine in which a commanding officer took his own life in combat conditions on her tenth patrol, following six botched patrols. She was one of six U-boats that were captured by Allied forces during World War II, captured on 4 June 1944 by United States Navy Task Group 22.3 (TG 22.3). All but one of ''U-505''s crew were rescued by the Navy task group. The submarine was towed to Bermuda in secret and her crew were interned at a US prisoner of war camp, where they were denied access to International Red Cross visits. The Navy classified the capture as top secret and prevented the Germans from discovering it. Her codebooks, Enigma machine, and other secret materials found on board helped the Allies to break Germany's top secret codes.

In 1954, ''U-505'' was donated to the Museum of Science and Industry in Chicago, Illinois. She is now one of four German World War II U-boats that survive as museum ships, and just one of two Type IXCs still in existence with . Provided by Wikipedia
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